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Oral medicine and pathology involves the diagnosis, nature and primarily non-surgical management of oral, maxillofacial and temporomandibular diseases and disorders, including dental management of patients with medical complications. Oral medicine and oral pathology are components of this specialty.

It is possible to be specialist in either oral medicine, oral pathology, or dually qualified. A combined oral medicine and pathology specialist completes advanced education both in oral medicine and pathology.

An oral medicine specialist diagnoses and treats diseases of the mouth and jaws, including oral mucosal diseases, neuromuscular conditions such as temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, and orofacial pain disorders (conditions). They also provide dental management for people with complex medical conditions.

Oral pathologists diagnose and treat diseases affecting the oral mucosa; they perform laboratory procedures on oral and maxillofacial tissues to establish a histopathological diagnosis. Oral pathologists are central to diagnosing soft tissue biopsies submitted by dentists and physicians.

For more information about oral and maxillofacial pathology and oral medicine please visit the following sites:

Canadian Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Oral Medicine: www.cda-adc.ca/jcda/vol-69/issue-9/568.pdf